Islam In Kerala
The community of Islam In Kerala have always believed to have their origins in Kerala in 7th century AD when the religion originated in Arabia. Kerala's only Muslim kingdom was Kannanore's Arakkal family. Historians disagree as to the time period of Arakkal rulers. Some claim that ancient coins date the Arakkal rulers to the 8th century. It is believed that In India Islam was spread from Kerala Islam.
The numbers increased in the 9th century. In the 8th century there were many centers for religious conversion in the state. Cheraman Perumal's pilgrimage to Mecca was a major influence in this regard. The history of Muslim In Kerala is closely intertwined with the history of Muslims in nearby Laccadives islands. Kerala Sunni and Kerala Shia are the two groups in Kerala Muslim.
Kerala Muslim follow their religious practices stringently. Belief in one God, prayers five times a day, Ramsan fast, Sakkath and Hajj are some of the traditional observances of Islam. Prayers are usually held in mosques. Friday prayers are mandatory for Muslims. The Muslim churches in South India are quite distinct in this regard compared to the ones in northern India. Muslims in Kerala follow unique customs.
The Arabs of the Middle East came here for trade and settled here at the coastal areas. Kerala has the oldest mosque in the country. Majority of the Muslims religions population lives in the coastal areas of central and southern Kerala, especially in Malappuram district. There are historical records of commercial trading between Kerala and Middle East during 7th Century AD. The Jews and Arabs of the Pre-Islamic period were among the pioneers of spice trade with Kerala.
To this day Muslims are very proficient in trade and commerce. Muslims in Kerala, as anywhere else in the world, are close-knit unit clear-cut religious and political agenda. The Kerala Islamic religion was also by these traders from Middle East, who later settled in Coastal belt of Kerala. The Muslims of Kerala mainly found in Malappuram district.
Shia in kerala
While the State of Kerala has one of the largest percentage of Muslim population (and perhaps the largest percentage of literate Muslims anywhere in India), it is pertinent to note that there is not a single Shia mosque or Imambargah in the entire State of Kerala. Shia in Kerala mainly found in Cochin. The absence of a Kerala Shia mosque or Imambargah, has however not prevented Shias from gradually increasing their numbers in the State and especially in the city of Cochin.
Shia religious programmes are being regularly held in the city of Cochin with great fervor and zeal, over the last four decades, thanks to the individual efforts of members of the community. These programmes are generally held in homes of Shia people. Many people want religious guidance of Shia Marjas. It will become a catalyst in propagating the Shia faith in Kerala.
Sunni in Kerala
Sunni in Kerala is referred to as the orthodox version of the religion. The word "Sunni" comes from the term Sunnah which refers to the sayings and actions of Muhammad that are recorded in hadiths (collections of narrations regarding Muhammad). Sunni Muslims generally consider Sahih al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim to be entirely authentic and accurate hadiths. Kerala Sunni leader and general secretary of Samastha Kerala Jamiyyathul Ulama Kanthapuram A.P. Aboobacker Musaliyar has called for an end to a vilification campaignagainst the Markazu Ssaquafathi Ssunniyya (Markaz) in connection with the custody of the holy hair (The hair is believed to be of Prophet Mohammed), as it would only help to further divide the community and show the religion in poor light. The leader of the rival Sunni faction and Muslim League leader, Panakkad Sayed Hyderali Shihab Thangal.
Arabs in Kerala
Kerala had connections with Arabia from the time of Solomon. Arabs traded with Kerala for gold, ivory, monkeys and peacocks. Arab merchants came to Kerala from Egypt long before the Romans. Their main port was Alexandria and ours Kodungallore. Pre Khuran references to black pepper swords from India and teak in Arab poetry indicate trade connection to Kerala. It took about 30 to 40 days for Arabs to make the journey to Kerala. Kerala-Arab relations until the advent of Portuguese. Arabs had established links with Kerala long before the Portuguese set foot there. The main cause of urbanization of many cities in Malabar was because of these relations with Arabs in Kerala, which was based in mutual respect and tolerance, he said. Arabs in Kerala also enjoyed the patronage of local kings such as Zamorins. Later when the Portuguese arrived, they colonized the place, monopolized, armed and fortified trade and created religious intolerance, Kurup stated.